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World of Dreams

November 1, 2016 in Dreams





(The Inner Child, 15 January, 2018)


Dreams are the children of an idle mind, said William Shakespeare – and I beg to differ with the Bard. As I have discovered in my exploration of the subject, dreams are the manifestation of a very active mind – and life. The meaning of actual children in dreams differs in accordance with the circumstances of the dreamer, as do dreams of actual childhood.

I had a very happy childhood and often in dreams, I am a child again, reliving a Christmas past, or a day at the beach, or a ballet class, whatever. Dreams like this have very little meaning, except to offer an opportunity to vicariously experience a time that is long gone. The downside is that I do wake up feeling rather sad. However, since the dream experiences of people who have had forgettable childhoods are bound to be different, I know that this sadness for times past is a price worth paying.

The meaning of a dream involving other children will be slanted according to whether you know the child – or not. In one dream, a good friend of mine took me to task for gratuitous mall shopping, among other things, and then proceeded to feed her little girl. On analysis, the dream was a warning about being careful with money. Mastery of handling finances paves the way to mastery of more responsible activity, i.e., feeding a child.

In another dream, I saw a group of sleeping children when I was on my way to a job interview. The dream was calling upon me to develop the hidden (sleeping) and undeveloped (young children) areas of my life to prepare for greater success (the job interview). I have also had dreams about very funny and very scary little ‘uns. I will return to this theme in a later post.

(Time-hopping in Dreams, September 29, 2017)

Just imagine being able to travel through time, to gain insights into history and to take a peek into the future, especially your own – imagine the world of power and wisdom at your fingertips. To travel through time has ever been a sci-fi fantasy, inspiring HG Wells to write the Time Machine, and Hollywood to make the Back to the Future movies. However, it is the one invention that has always evaded the ingenuity of real scientists. In spite of all of the technological marvels of the modern world, we still cannot scupper time. The conundrum is that we are bound to Earth’s gravity and gravity is a distortion of time, keeping us on the 24/7 roller coaster. What do we do about this?

Oddly, we do scupper time; we do it every time we walk from one side of our living rooms to the other – and most journeys are generally longer than that. Essentially, all travel is time travel; gravity is a weak force and we cast aside its barriers with every walk in the park. The physics are too complex to spin out here, but at every point on the globe it is a different time, at every moment of the day. Think, then, the power of getting onto an aeroplane and emerging on another continent and time zone, three hours later– but sod Ryanair; there is another way to travel through time.

Like the majority of sleepers, I have experienced time travel in dreams. I have met and spoke with dead relatives. I have sat at the desks of the various schools and colleges that I have wandered through in my learning endeavours. I have dwelt in stone-age villages, medieval castles and in awe-inspiring futuristic environments. More than once, I have had that heady experience of being everywhere and in every time, all at once. Like Puck, I have felt like shouting “I’ll put a girdle round the earth in forty minutes” on awakening. Maybe it was a dream like this that inspired the Bard to write the line?

When analysing a dream that has taken you outside of the present, look at all of its symbols carefully. First, listen to what your dead relatives are saying. According to your own databank of archetypes, are the symbols “good” or are they “bad”? Is the dream telling you to look to past experience for guidance or to seek a solution elsewhere? What can you learn from stone age/medieval/Renaissance society? In earlier columns I wrote about everyday inventions and creations whose origins lay in the dream of their creators – maybe that odd item or system you dreamed of is the key to your own future?

(Pursuit, 7 September, 2017)

Fewer things are more terrifying than the feeling that is dream-time pursuit. You are in some place, usually dark, when you feel that someone – or some thing – is following you and that intends you harm, begins. Sometimes, you can see the subject and sometimes not; whatever, you know that you have just got to get away. You try to run but for whatever reason, you are rooted to the spot with legs that just will not work. Or when you attempt to move, the ground turns all soft and wobbly, lacking the tension that would allow your feet to move freely and quickly. Or you are actually running but whatever is in pursuit is gaining upon you, however quickly you move.

You will do anything, go anywhere, to get away from it. You will jump from a cliff or out of a 5-storey window, just to escape whatever horror. Luckily, you are only in a dream. And that is what you have to tell yourself when you wake up – that it is only a dream. For the majority of people, pursuit phantasmagorias are one-off events. For a smaller number of people, the pursuit dreams recur, often with the same sequence of events. If this is your experience, then explore your life a little. It could be that someone at work is bothering you. Or an unwelcome suitor is foisting their attentions upon you. Your dream may even be about the person that is causing you pain. If this is so, then practical intervention, no matter how unpleasant, is the likeliest manoeuvre to solve a problem like this. Try confronting the pursuing subject in your imagination before doing so in actuality.

Remember, a decent night’s sleep is a birthright, not a luxury, and your waking hours will be happier, too. Whatever happens, do not mention to the pursuing subject that they are entering your dreams. You will likely come across as silly and hysterical, and give the subject an oeuvre for even more unwanted attention. I have explained before and do so again that dream analysis is a tool to help you in your waking hours, and not an entertainment spectacle for anyone else. If your pursuit dreams have no apparent cause but continue to recur, then you may require medical help. Fortunately, treatment for sleep disturbance is very efective.

(Mary Phelan, 2017)


Dream Glossary

November 1, 2016 in Glossary of Dream Terms

Press the button on the right to access this Dream Glossary. It is a collection of several of the more common terms and names relevant to dreaming and dream analysis.  Feel free to copy and paste this glossary into your word processor and use as a basis for building your own collection of dream buzzwords. I have used bold text for those words that you stumble across in books and in blogs, but are not quite certain of the meaning, like “NREM” and “Gestalt” and “Cayce”. And you will meet many more on your own, highly personal journey through the world of dreams and their meanings.

Archetypes: Dream archetypes are those images and characters that appear again and again in various dream situations, over a period of time – just think of the same characters appearing in many different plays and movies. When analysed, each archetype can be interpreted as a facet of your own personality.

Analysis (Dreams): Many methods of dream analysis are in use, for example, the hypnosis techniques of Sigmund Freud and Edgar Cayce, the shamanic method of Carl Jung, the Gestalt technique, or simply by identifying archetypes and placing them in context.  

Aristotle believed that disturbance during sleep, for example, a draft or a faint noise, could trigger off a dream without waking up the subject. Free of the judgement of conscious hours, the sleeper accepts uncritically all of his fantastical experiences, and waking up brings that familiar jolt of surprise. Aristotle’s theory is not a million miles removed from where our dream theory is now.

This was in contrast to his fellow Greeks, who were very superstitious. In addition to devotion to their gods, they believed in ghosts and portent through the Delphic and other temple oracles, and through dreamtime experiences. Plato’s adherence to divination and belief in esoteric worlds reflected this, but his pupil rejected all notions of the supernatural and fortune telling in relation to dreaming.

Cayce, Edgar: Cayce was a pioneer of dream analysis who developed his career as a hypnotist and healer following illness of his own. His method was to go into a trance and “find” an answer for the patient’s problem. Because of this, Cayce was able to heal patients through correspondence rather than direct personal contact. Later on, he began lecturing on philosophy and experimenting with therapies like exposure to ultraviolet light, massage and diet, and healing with the help of gemstones.

Today, many of these therapies are valid, with light therapy on offer to patients suffering from seasonal adjustment disorder or SAD. He knew that tapping the unconscious mind was a more certain channel to self-knowledge than the conscious, logical mind.

Consciousness: is the objective state of being awake and aware of what is happening in the environment, the flipside of being unconscious. However, researchers have identified varying levels of awareness within waking consciousness.

Daydreaming: Psychologists have written much on the nature of this subject. The majority of them agree that while daydreaming, the subject is in a state between waking and sleeping. One difference between the dreams of day and those of the night is that the conscious subject is in control of the imagery her or she perceives, is able to drive it and is in possession of potential for great creativity. Yet, the daydreaming state puts the subject in touch with his or her subconscious. Detached from the automotive mode of consciousness, it is the ideal place for thoughts to flow. Even when a daydream does not result in a great and wonderful idea – most often, it does not – experts agree (and daydreaming subjects affirm) that a short period of detachment from the fully conscious state is akin to taking a quick nap. The subject returns to consciousness once more , capable of tackling whatever task is in hand.

Dream capture: Effective dream analysis is possible only for the routine recorder of dreams, and the most efficient method is to record every dream upon awakening. This is a task that requires discipline, persistence and dedication, but it is worth the effort. Many dreamers like to record their imagery in a hardcover notebook, with the date of each dream overhead, a good and useful way to do it. Typing dream notes onto electronic media adds another dimension, allowing you to identify recurring themes and archetypes using the word search facility, and adding insights months or even years beyond the original dream. The worst mistake the dream hunter can make is to record only those dreams that sing in the memory long after they have taken place. Extravagant dreams are important, but concentration only on these will leave gaps in the total picture of your psyche. Big dreams are like blockbuster movies, filled with memorable characters and riveting events that everyone talks about for years afterwards, but just think of what life would be like if we got our information only from blockbuster movies? The “little” dreams of fragmented images, whispered sounds and half-glimpsed words that are tied together by feelings rather than events are more likely to reveal the information that we are seeking.

Freud, Sigmund: It was the lateral thinking of psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud that opened the way for the therapeutic interpretation of dreams. Freud’s therapy involved hypnotising a patient until he or she could talk openly about everything, including intimate matters that were taboo in repressive, late nineteenth-century Vienna. He reasoned that if the intimate musings of a patient were symptomatic of his or her state of mind, the same must apply to the dream imagery that stems from the patient’s unconscious. This pathology is equivalent to blood analysis for detecting physical disease. It was this engagement with the random juxtaposition of everyday objects – the crux of dreaming – that gave rise to the creative movement called surrealism. 

Gestalt: During the 1890’s, the Berlin School of Experimental Psychology became the centre for the practice of Gestalt or Gestaltism, its chief advocate being psychologist Kurt Koffka. His quotation: “the whole is other than the sum of its parts” has gone into history. Put simply, our conscious brains have a tendency to “compensate” for what we think is missing from a series of images or sounds.

Graphic designers and advertising executives use this phenomenon to great effect, nudging our brains into recognising brand names and associating consumables with our favourite sounds from the hit parade. In the real world, constant mental compensation can lead to a deficit of “true” knowledge, misperception and ultimately misunderstanding. Gestalt therapists bring their patients through various exercises, helping them see the total picture of a situation or even their own personalities, the raison d’etre of dream analysis.

Hypnagogic/hypnocampic: you are now in a deep sleep, says the hypnotherapist to his patient, in many a television thriller. What he actually does is put the patient into a stage between the waking and sleeping state, thus making him or her susceptible to suggestions like “you are now filled with confidence” or “you will find smoking a cigarette horrible”. The theory is that the suggestion sinks into the subconscious of the patient and that he carries the effects of the session into everyday life. The word “hypnos” is Greek in origin, derived from Hypnus, the mythological personification of sleep, with Sonmnus being the Roman equivalent. This etymology has given rise to interesting word variants. When you are falling asleep, your brain is in a hypnogogic state and when you are emerging from dreaming sleep into wakefulness, your brain is in a hypnopompic state. In the hypnogogic state, your brain is highly open to suggestion, which is the basis of hypnosis.  

Jung, Carl: Early in his life, Carl Jung saw a luminous figure coming from his mother’s room. The head was detached from the neck and floated in the air in front of the body. The response of the Jung family was to send her for treatment in a psychiatric hospital but this experience had a profound effect upon Carl. While yet a boy, he created his own private world in which he believed that he communicated with a mannequin carved out of wood.

Years later, he learned about tribal practices like belief in totems, that mirrored his own actions, a step to his forming theories about the collective unconscious. Jung entered the University of Basel in 1895 to study medicine. His colleague, Eugen Bleuler, whom he met in the Burgholzi psychiatric hospital in Zurich, introduced him to Sigmund Freud. Initially, the two psychologists were in friendly, professional collaboration, but their theories began to diverge. Jung believed that dream images stemmed from the collective unconscious, a pool of ideas and visions that were possibly ancestral memories – hearkening back to the supernatural experience he shared with his mother. Freud stayed with the notion that all dream imagery stemmed from the repressed desires of the dreamer. In 1912, Jung published his book, The Psychology of the Unconscious, which led to his final break-up with Freud.

He recorded everything he heard and felt in his red notebook. For the remainder of his life, he travelled and lectured, forming friendships with priests and shamans. He recognised that particular tropes were common to certain cultures and wondered why, in the west, many people described a ghost they might have seen a “grey lady”? The UFO phenomenon that erupted during the 1950s captured his attention and made him wonder about “flying saucers” and “little green men”. Jung also wrote much about individuation, that is, healing the person by balancing the personality with underdeveloped traits.  

Kekule, August: The creative world is awash with tales of artists who dreamed and turned their downtime phantasms into daytime reality. Paul McCartney reputedly dreamed the lyrics of the hit song, Yesterday. Elias Howe found the solution to perfecting his invention, the sewing machine, when he dreamed of a fierce, spear-throwing tribe – and the spears all had holes close to the arrowheads.

The world of chemistry still charts how August Kekule’s dream of an ouroboros, the ancient symbol of a snake swallowing its tail, enabled him to establish the structure of the benzene molecule. For years, he and other chemists had puzzled over it, and Kekule solved the mystery when he realised that it might be circular rather than linear. Interestingly, Kekule received this information in a daydream, a state of consciousness in between normal wakefulness and lucid awareness.

Individuation: This is a process whereby we develop powers and personality traits that our conscious mind has hitherto ignored or rejected, traits that our subconscious mind often reveals to us in dreams. Carl Jung developed this process for the better functioning of the self, redefining psychoanalysis as not just a treatment for the mentally ill, but an exercise whereby “normal” people discover new routes to living fuller and more rewarding lives.  

Levels of Awareness: Author Colin Wilson defined various levels of consciousness. State 1 is deep sleep or the non-rapid eye movement state or NREM. State 2 is both the hypnagogic (moving into sleep from wakefulness) and the hypnocampic (waking up after sleep), which are both rapid eye movement or REM states.  State 3 is that groggy impaired awareness after just having woken up, but with dream imagery just vanished. State 4 is normal wakeful awareness and state 5 is lucid awareness, which Wilson defined as faculty X. This is a state of “superconsciousness”, in which the subject experiences a kind of heightened reality, the kind of consciousness that inspires artists, writers and other creative people. Researchers using electroencephalographs have established the objective existence of these states. Dream experts believe that everyone has the potential to reach all of them, even faculty X, since we experience “normal” awareness, and dreaming and dreamless sleep without even trying to.

Lucid Awareness: see Levels of Awareness, above.

Nightmares: ‘You are nothing but a bad dream,’ I said, on encountering a dark humanoid figure alongside my bed – and I woke up. The room was empty and I was unafraid. One accepted way of dealing with recurring nightmares is to not run away from whatever oneiric phantasm is bothering you, but to engage with and face it, to resist it, whatever strength of mind it takes. Doing this will rob the images of their power and they will go away.

The “defiance” method will work for the majority of us, since the very act of trying to speak is usually enough to shock the body fully awake, and thus vanquish the phantasm. However, if your are afflicted with frequent, frightening dreams that you cannot deal with, seek clinical help.

Night terrors: the majority of subjects that suffer from night terrors are young children. Seeing the subject sit up in bed with widened eyes as if in dread or terror of something, often with limbs trashing about, is the chief symptom. You cannot waken the subject, who usually falls asleep again. Later on, he or she has no recollection of the incident. Researchers have found that night terror victims are in the NREM or non-dreaming state of sleep. Children usually grow out of this affliction but adults who suffer night terrors require clinical attention, since the condition is closely related to sleepwalking 

Oneiric: the scientific term for dream-related experiences.

Prophetic dreams: numerous accounts exist of subjects experiencing dream imagery of events in advance of their occurrence. Many psychologists have dismissed the notion of prophecy in dreaming, theorizing that we are all dreaming all of the time about everything and that the events foretold by the seemingly prophetic dream would have happened anyway. There is no doubt a grain of truth in this; a stopped clock is right twice a day, they say. Keeping a dream diary is one way to discover if dreamtime brings on your prophetic powers, to establish if the subconscious mind has channels to knowledge that your normal, waking consciousness has not.  

REM/NREM: During the 1950s, scientists used EEG equipment to establish the various wave frequencies given off by the mammalian brain throughout different states of consciousness, including sleep. Subsequent research in sleep clinics established that this REM or rapid-eye-movement phase of sleep is when the subject is most likely to experience bouts of vivid dreaming. Initially, we shut our eyes and fall into a deep sleep that lasts between 60 and 80 minutes, a phase known as NREM or nonsynchronized sleep. For the next 10 to 20 minutes, the brain stem gives off pulses of electrical activity. Presently, these pulses move until they finally shift to the occipital lobe, the area of the brain that controls the eyes. It is at this phase of sleep that the eyes of the subject begin to move rapidly underneath the lids. Incidentally, the REM phase is not a function of vision, since babies, foetuses and people without sight, experience it.

When the REM phase is over, the subject enters another 90-minute sleep cycle, that is, about 80 minutes of NREM sleep, followed by 10 or so minutes of REM. Clinical trials have established that on awakening, the majority of subjects are experiencing dreams during this time, with few dreams during the NREM phase. The healthy sleeper takes between six and eight hours sleep per night, and so experiences four to eight sleep cycles. As the night advances, the amount of NREM or deep sleep within a cycle decreases, with a correlated increase in the amount of REM or dreaming sleep. This explains why we experience our most vivid dreams towards morning.  

Shaman: Every ancient culture has its version of the shaman, from Native American and Aboriginal tribes, to the Inuit of Alaska and the Sami of Lapland. The role of the shaman varies from culture to culture but generally, he can heal illness and envision the future, evoke memories and interpret dreams. If you have a problem or if you see trouble ahead, the shaman can help you take action to circumvent it. In the same way, shamanic interpretation of dreams can point you in the direction of opportunities. The shaman believes that during a dream, your soul goes to the dreamtime where everything about your past, future and present is known. What you learn there can enable you to have a say in your own future. The parallels with getting in touch with your subconscious are fairly apparent.  

Sleepwalking: Many myths and theories exist around this condition, which is also know as somnambulism, Like night terrors, bouts of sleepwalking occur during the NREM stage of sleep, and the subject has no recollection of his or her activity when fully awakened. The difference is that the sleepwalker gets out of bed, moves around and in rarer cases, and engages in daytime activity like getting dressed or even enacting a hobby. Like night terrors, the majority of afflicted subjects are children who usually grow out of it. But adults who are chronic sleepwalkers require clinical attention, since certain activities can place themselves, and others, in danger.  

Sleep paralysis: Experts believe that a condition called muscular atonia or weakness, causes sleep paralysis. This is a phenomenon that the majority of us experience, if we do at all, few episodes in our lifetimes. The subject awakens and finds him or herself unable to move or speak. He may also experience a sensation of suffocation and a strong feeling that someone else is in the room. A number of subjects actually see their nocturnal companion, and this hallucination can be grotesque and terrifying. The phenomenon has given rise to many creative works, from the incubus and succubus of folklore, to Henri Fuseli’s painting, The Nightmare. The clinical explanation is that the mind of the subject half awakens but because of muscular atonia, the body is not yet in tandem. Because the mind is in the hypnocampic, the still-dreaming stage of waking up, the sensation of body paralysis leads him to believe that he or she is the victim of assault, and it creates a narrative to explain his or her condition. Sleep paralysis can also occur when the mind is in the falling asleep or hypnagogic state. Bouts can last from between a few minutes to an hour or more.

Generally, it is not a problem but for a minority, it is a serious condition that requires clinical help. Most people respond to therapy that involves relaxation techniques, and taking control when an episode occurs. Over time, the patient grows calmer, more relaxed and less likely to engender the kind of anxiety that causes him or her to hallucinate.  

Subconscious: it is difficult to describe an entity that has no objective existence. But it may be helpful to liken the subconscious to a repository of dreams and memories that we keep in store, like placing objects in a cupboard for occasional use. Keeping them constantly in our conscious brain will only weigh us heavily and slow down our immediate mode of thinking. When we dream, we draw upon this repository of memories and impressions to construct the archetypes that act out our nocturnal dramas. Just as a total stranger can look into your closet and build a credible biography from the possessions that are important to you, continual scrutiny of your archetypes can reveal your state of mind – to you. 

Surrealism: In the wake of Andre Breton writing the Surrealist Manifesto in 1924, the surrealist artists and poets emerged, their dream imagery becoming part of popular culture, for example, the paintings of Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico and Max Ernst. The artist Man Ray referred to a line in a poem “Maldoror”: beautiful as the chance meeting on a dissecting-table of a sewing-machine and an umbrella. This word image provokes that queasy sensation as experienced in a dream when we encounter an unusual, unlikely or even unsettling juxtaposition of people and events, for example, seeing our best friend’s mum in a compromising situation with a male relative of our own.   

Unconscious: unlike the subjective subconscious, the unconscious state is an objective one, the NREM or deepest level of the sleeping brain in which the subject is responsive to neither sensation or dream imagery. Less common than we imagine, since most of our sleep time is spent in the REM state, experts believe that we need bouts of unconsciousness for the body to become proactive in repairing bodily tissues and simply resting the brain in preparation for the rigours of the waking hours.


Dream Archetypes

March 12, 2016 in Dream Archetypes

Angels: in the phenomenal world, angels are a number of things, including business financiers and compliant, willing humans, often nurses.

The beach is a place caught between sea and land. The beach is made of sand, a material used in construction. Until used, however, sand represents uncertainty, i.e., shifting sands, making it the archetype of many possibilities. The sea stands for the subconscious, a kind of Underworld, a repository of dreams and memories. It stands for time, tide and eternity. Its colours, blue, green, purple, occur at the “higher” end of the spectrum, making it the archetype of higher consciousness.

The chemist or scientist is the archetype of the alchemist, the magus, magician or wise man – what today we call the scientist. It is he who has the ability to zap his fingers and make things work. He is also represents forces of attraction and communication, the winged Mercury, in fact.

Documents are made of paper and are usually white. They form the basis of receipts and invoices, bills, warnings and references. They are covered with words that can be trusted, but sometimes not. Documents “document” things; events that have happened. However, their meaning is ephemeral, and subject to change.

Eateries, cafés, restaurants are places of people and of food, denoting ambience. However, ambience can also translate into arrogance and entitlement.

Fire is energy from the sun. It is warm and golden, a bringer of light and cooked food. Fire can be destructive and dangerous, as in gunfire. It is the same word used to get rid of someone from a job. Fire stands for heat and light, orange and red, dancing, glancing energy – and romance. Fire can bring ruin and waste, devastation and destruction, leaving behind soot, cinders and ashes – and despair. Fire stands for cleansing and rebirth, renewal and growth – and hope.

Green stands for fertility, growth and development, and food that is good, but that you might not want to eat. It stands for nature in general and spring in particular; newness, innocence, youth and freshness. Green stands for unreadiness, backwardness and naivety.

The old house has parasites growing on and in its walls; wasps, spiders, birds and rodents. There is also moss, lichen and creepers. The windows are obfuscated by dust, denoting lack of vision. The new house stands for modernity, readiness and forward thinking.

An international journey is the archetype of new ideas, movement and networking, energy, vibration and conveyance vehicles. This is also the archetype of malfunction and culture shock, obscure language, loneliness and loss of identity. Local journeys are inconvenient, expensive and boring, the archetypes of things you may not want to do.

Keys are metallic and magnetic, attracting things and openings things. The key is a way into something. The key is an adjunct to locks and chains, ties and responsibilities 

Light means easy to carry. Light is brilliant, dazzling and coruscating. Light is purity and innocence. Light is daylight, wavelength and colour. Light is archetype of throwing light on a matter, which is why illustrations used to be called illuminations.

A male (in a female dream) is the archetype of a robust go-getting attitude, of strength, physicality and practicality.

A necklace and other jewellery is the archetype of great fortune, as gold and silver denote wealth and links with the past – the costlier, the better the outlook for you.

An orchestra consists of musicians playing a variety of instruments and it can denote either harmony or discord, according to the skills of the conductor. Beware of working for a company or organisation that does not have a purposeful leader.

A palace or grand house is the archetype of everything that you might want. It stands for heaven on earth, and its treasure-filled rooms stand for the many lives lived in it. A grand house also represents a dichotomy; one of nefarious and dark deeds.

A Queen or royalty in a dream signifies fortune and ambition. The same is true of encountering celebrity.

A river is the archetype of a warning to not to get carried away. Rivers are material, sustaining boats and people, fishing and swimming. Rivers are beautiful, sustaining birds, plants and fishes. Rivers are mythical, giving rise to folklore and legend.

A school is a place of learning, in which many disciplines are taught, in which one encounters multiple personalities. One is subject to severe discipline and hard work and whatever the rewards, it is a place of suffering or, at least, not a place to be happy. The teacher is an arcane symbol, a repository of knowledge, wisdom and learning discipline.

A tree is strong, rooted, lovely, attracting life and colour, supplying food and shelter. It is also an arcane symbol of life, linking heaven – or sky – with earth.

Winter is the archetype of longings. It stands for Christmas gifts, loads of food and warmth, time with family. It is also bleak, cold and bare of leaves and comfort.

The zoo is connected with animals of all kinds, and their various qualities. The lion denotes strength and majesty while bears are grumpy yet cuddly.


About Mary Phelan

August 2, 2013 in Mary Phelan

I am an art historian and copywriter, journalist and author.

I am wild about words and music, Greek mythology and chocolate, art and literature, architecture and popular science, film and fluffy animals – though not necessarily in that order.

Click my Dream Diary link on the right to read my cool column and learn what your night time adventures tell you – about you!

Read my inimitable articles on art and architecture, film and photography on

Fall about laughing as you peruse the wacky world of modern product design on my Design Victim blog.

And don’t forget to read all about my novel  Pandora’s Box – look right, folks!